Posts Tagged ‘Cattle’

Humans Likely Making Chimps Sick

June 17, 2008

Humans are likely the source of a virus that is making chimps sick in Africa, new research suggests.

After studying chimpanzees in Tanzania for the past year, Virginia Tech researcher Taranjit Kaur and her team have obtained data from molecular, microscopic and epidemiological investigations that demonstrate how the chimpanzees living there at Mahale Mountains National Park have been suffering from a respiratory disease that is likely caused by a variant of a human paramyxovirus.

Paramyxovirus causes various human diseases including mumps and measles. The virus also can cause distemper in dogs and seals, cetacean morbillivirus in dolphins and porpoises, Newcastle disease virus in birds and rinderpest virus in cattle.

Click here for the full article.

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Eight calves born in Britain from cloned cow

June 11, 2008

Eight calves have been born in Britain to a single cloned cow, it has been disclosed.

The cattle – four cows and four bulls – were produced in the Midlands using embryos flown in from America and placed in surrogate mothers.

Four of the calves were born at Smiddiehill Holsteins in Albrighton, Shropshire but the herd has since been broken up.

Two of these, Dundee Paradise and Dundee Paratrooper, were put up for auction in Bristol earlier this year, prompting claims from critics that dairy products could end up in the food chain. They were later withdrawn from sale.

Although none of the eight calves is a clone, the process was used to produce their mother in America from cells taken from the ear of a milking cow.

Click here for the full article.

New Zealand seeks to curb livestock’s gas emissions

June 10, 2008

Over thousands of years of evolution, sheep, cattle and other cud chewers developed a nasty habit. They burp and break wind a lot.

That gives New Zealand a distressing gas problem.

The country’s 4 million people share two islands in the South Pacific with 40 million sheep, 9 million beef and dairy cattle and more than a million farmed deer, all producing the methane that many climate scientists say is one of the worst culprits behind global warming.

It may be a small country on the edge of the world, but New Zealand has big ambitions in the fight against climate change. Last year, Prime Minister Helen Clark set a national goal of becoming the world’s first carbon-neutral country.

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A Futuristic Linkage Of Animals And Electronics

June 6, 2008

The same Global Positioning System (GPS) technology used to track vehicles is now being used to track cows.

But Agricultural Research Service (ARS) animal scientist Dean M. Anderson has taken tracking several steps further with a Walkman-like headset that enables him to “whisper” wireless commands to cows to control their movements across a landscape—and even remotely gather them into a corral.

He and his colleagues realize this is a highly futuristic technology, but they can envision a time when these technologies will be affordable and useful for a range of applications, from intensive animal operations to monitoring and controlling the movements of some wildlife species and even household pets.

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Cattle escaped from overturned truck and closed Ohio highway

June 3, 2008

Cows that escaped from a jackknifed cattle trailer created havoc last night for authorities and northbound travelers on I-71.

The cattle were headed from Texas to Pennsylvania, police said, when a 20-year-old Westerville man’s poor merge sent the cattle trailer skidding, popping open the rear door and setting free two animals.

Jack Millman had tried to merge into the center lane of I-71 at I-270 around 8:45 p.m., setting into motion the hours-long cow hunt. Participants included Columbus police with shotguns, a New Albany cattle expert and an Ohio State University team with tranquilizer darts.

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The giant 6ft cow that is as big as a small elephant

May 20, 2008

His name is Chilli and he’s described as a gentle giant.

Which is just as well for his handler, Tara Nirula, pictured by his side.

His owners have contacted the Guinness Book of Records who are currently assessing his credentials and comparing them to other big bovines.

The black and white Friesian bullock weighs well over a ton and at the same height as a small elephant, casts a shadow over his cattle companions who are about 5ft.

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Anti-cruelty farm animals bill qualifies for state ballot

April 11, 2008

A measure that proponents say would provide basic protection for 20 million farm animals in California has qualified for the November ballot.

California Secretary of state Debra Bowen certified the Prevention of Farm Animal Cruelty Act for the Nov. 4 general election.

The measure would mandate that farm animals including cattle, pigs and chickens would be given enough room to turn around and extend their limbs in the crates and cages in which they are confined by food producers.

If approved, the law would not take effect until 2015, allowing seven years for compliance.

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Microchips Could Speed Up Detection Of Livestock Viruses

March 31, 2008

Some of the worst threats to farm workers and farm animals such as bird flu, foot-and-mouth disease and other emerging viruses could soon be quickly identified by using a simple screening chip developed by scientists from the Institute for Animal Health, scientists will hear March 31, 2008 at the Society for General Microbiology’s 162nd meeting.

“The last major SARS outbreak — severe acute respiratory syndrome — which started on the border of China and Hong Kong was identified using a microarray chip. Fortunately, because of the rapid identification of the virus it was brought under control, and in spite of its seriousness caused relatively few deaths,” says Dr Paul Britton of the Institute for Animal Health in Compton, near Newbury, Berkshire. “We need a similar way of quickly identifying viruses that attack chickens, cattle, pigs, sheep and other farm animals.”

The scientists have developed a microarray, called a chip, which contains specific small regions of virus genes that react with any viruses in the samples being tested, showing up as coloured spots on glass slides. The method can also be used to see if a sample contains two or more viruses.

“At the moment the common methods for detecting viruses rely on some previous knowledge, such as recognising the clinical signs of a disease,” says Dr Paul Britton. “A system that can be used by almost anyone, and that can quickly and accurately be used to identify the particular virus early on is vital to control these diseases before they spread, and will have much wider applications.”

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Animal rights activists owe technology a thank you

March 13, 2008

An undercover vegan wired with a camera no bigger than a sugar cube spent six weeks last fall working at a Southern California slaughterhouse. To fit in, he brought sandwiches made with soy riblets and ate them in a dusty parking lot with the other workers.

He tried not to worry about the emotional toll that long days escorting cows to the kill might have. He had more practical concerns, like whether the camera switch hidden in his pocket would fail or a cow would smash into him and crack the recording equipment taped to his body.

The Humane Society of the United States first gave a 32-minute video made from his footage to the San Bernardino County district attorney, then in January released an edited version on its Web site and to a newspaper. The video showed workers flipping sick dairy cows with forklifts, prodding them with electricity and dragging them with chains to be processed into ground meat, some of which likely ended up in chili and tacos at public school cafeterias.

It was as if someone gave Upton Sinclair a video camera and a Web link. Animal cruelty charges were filed, the slaughterhouse was shut down and Congress held hearings. The Agriculture Department announced the recall of more than 143 million pounds of meat — the largest in the nation’s history. (Cows so sick they can’t walk can’t legally be processed into food because they may have mad cow disease, also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, a form of which can be passed on to humans.)

After more than 25 years of tactics that have included tossing a dead raccoon on to the lunch plate of Anna Wintour, the Vogue editor; boycotting fast-food restaurants; and staging legal challenges, the animal rights movement had a bona fide hit.

A new generation of cameras so small they can be hidden in eyeglass frames or a hat — together with the rise of YouTube and the growing appeal of so-called citizen journalism — has done for animal rights advocates what the best-organized protest could not. Perhaps more than other social agitators, people concerned about animals raised for food have discovered that downloadable video can be the most potent weapon in their arsenal.

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For more animal-esque music, news, and issues, tune in to Kitty Mowmow’s Animal Expo online at www.thecapstone.ua.edu, Sunday nights 8-10 central.

See the video that led to beef recall

February 18, 2008

In aftermath of beef recall, watch video and take action to protect downer cows.

Take action for animal welfare standards for federal purchases!
 

February 18, 2008

 

Beef Recall Underscores Need to Protect “Downer” Cows

Dear Kitty Mowmow,

Take action now!Yesterday, the USDA issued the largest recall of beef in U.S. history, the latest action in response to The Humane Society of the United States’ groundbreaking undercover investigation of a dairy cow slaughter plant in Southern California.

The recall of 143 million pounds of beef came two days after San Bernardino County District Attorney Michael Ramos filed criminal charges against slaughter plant workers caught on video torturing crippled cattle, and two weeks after the USDA shut down that slaughter plant.

Our undercover investigation revealed shocking abuses of “downed” dairy cows — those who are too sick or injured to walk — at the Hallmark Meat Packing Company slaughter plant. Cows too weak to stand were dragged along the ground, shocked with electric prods, rammed with forklifts, and even forced to endure water being forced into their noses and throats — an act right out of the manual on water boarding.

Please watch our investigative video, and then take action today to stop this cruelty from happening again.

Our video of the cruelty is very difficult to watch. Even worse is the thought that an outfit like Hallmark Meat Packing Company got away with this kind of abuse every day, without proper oversight from the USDA.

Urge the USDA to tighten its lax enforcement of the downer rule and to close the rule’s loophole — so that cows who are obviously in no shape to walk are not brought to slaugherhouses in the first place and then abused once they are there.

Thank you for all you do for animals.

Sincerely,

Wayne Pacelle
President & CEO
The Humane Society of the United States

Village quarantined after animals perish en masse in Uşak province

February 14, 2008

A village in western Uşak province has been quarantined over fears of an epidemic after dozens of animals died due to an unknown cause.

The sudden deaths of about 80 sheep and numerous wild animals in the village of İnay in less than one month prompted officials to quarantine the village for fear of an outbreak of an epidemic. Officials from the Provincial Department of Agriculture said the reason behind the animals’ deaths could be poisoning, whereas villagers asserted that their animals died of cyanide used in gold prospecting activities near their village.

Ulubey Deputy Governor Mahmut Nedim Tuncer said: “We banned the entry and exit of animals. We sent samples taken from dead animals to the Bornova Research and Control Institute in İzmir. The initial results of analyses conducted on samples point to intestinal infection caused by poisoning as the reason behind the animals’ deaths.”

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Online livestock auctions save time, money — and are better for the animals

February 14, 2008

Dave Peine has been selling cattle at the South St. Paul stockyards and directly to local meatpacking companies nearly all his life. But last month, the second-generation livestock producer auctioned off 70 steers and heifers – without having to haul the animals off his Hampton, Minn., land.

Peine, 47, sold his cattle through an online auction run by Central Livestock Association, which owns and runs the South St. Paul stockyards and four other markets in two other states…

…The online service is catching on with more farmers, ranchers and meatpackers, Dressen said. About 500 head of cattle were sold on the association’s Web site in 2006, the first year. The number swelled to more than 4,500 in 2007.

The site, http://www.centrallivestock.com, averages three auctions a week, compared with one just six months ago.

Cattle sold online go directly from seller to buyer, which not only keeps transportation costs low, Dressen said, but also reduces stress and sickness in the animals...

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‘Stop live animals exports for slaughter’

February 12, 2008

A worldwide campaign aimed at banning the long-distance transport of live animals for slaughter has been launched in London.Animal charity workers shot secret film footage during a two-year long investigation of the global trade in live animals which they say is cruel and unnecessary.

The Handle With Care coalition is using shock pictures of animals being shipped around the world in overcrowded and filthy conditions before they are finally slaughtered.

They hope consumers will be so horrified by the images of sheep, cattle, horses, pigs and chickens moved in horrendous conditions in journeys that can take weeks they will embarrass governments into finally banning the trade.

Click here for the full article.

Rampaging bulls wreak havoc

January 16, 2008

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At least 129 people were gored by rampaging bulls during the revival of Jallikattu, a traditional sport of taming the animals held at two places in Tamil Nadu, a day after the Supreme Court lifted its ban on the event…

…While many of the court’s guidelines were followed, the cruelty to the bulls did not seem to have stopped. The real test will be on Thursday, when the main event takes place.

According to guidelines, double barricades separated spectators from bull tamers. Officials also kept a close tab on the bulls in a bid to check intoxication. Yet an estimated 80 were injured.

S Jawahar, Collector of Madurai said, ”We see whether animals are oiled and those with sharpened horns are cut short. Forty veterinary doctors are verifying all the animals, only those certified are given numbers and are allowed to take part.”

Not much changed with cruelty to the bulls. Bull tamers pulled the animals by the tail and many treated the bulls just like a football and officials did nothing to stop this.

Chinni Krishna, President of Blue Cross of India, ”But the most important things is that the message we are sending to the new generation every year that cruelty can be condoned in the name of entertainment and sport. This is not Tamil culture and I feel ashamed.” …

Click here to read the full article.

Animal waste: Future energy, or just hot air?

January 7, 2008

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Manure, when properly processed, can provide a reliable and clean source of electrical and heat energy. And as there is so much of it, many are pinning their hopes on it as the latest new renewable energy source, leading the New York Times to recently suggest it could be “the ultimate renewable source of fuel.”

According to the United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), there are about 1.3 billion cattle worldwide (one for every five people), slightly more than 1 billion sheep, around 1 billion pigs, 800 million goats and 17 billion chickens.

Between them, they produce a lot of fecal matter — around 13 billion tons of it a year, according to various estimates.

Within that matter is 55 percent to 65 percent methane, which when released into the atmosphere is bad news for us (it traps heat at 23 times the rate that carbon dioxide does) — but when burned is another matter entirely. It gives us energy.

Click here to read the full article.