Posts Tagged ‘Tuberculosis’

When Tuberculosis Hits Cows

April 22, 2008

Bovine tuberculosis is a progressive wasting disease. It affects mainly cattle but also sheep, goats, pigs and other animals. People who get bovine TB have to take strong antibiotics for up to nine months to cure them.

Humans can get sick from infected cows by drinking milk that has not been heated to kill germs. Another risk is eating meat that has not been cooked to seventy-four degrees Celsius.

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In the early twentieth century, bovine TB probably killed more animals in the United States than all other diseases combined. To control it, the government launched a highly successful testing program. Historians say animal doctors ordered the destruction of about four million cattle between nineteen seventeen and nineteen forty.

But currently, the state of Michigan in the Midwest is fighting an outbreak of tuberculosis in cattle. Experts identified wild deer as the source of infection. More recently the neighboring state of Minnesota has also had to deal with TB in cattle and deer.

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Washington State University creates School for Global Animal Health

March 22, 2008

 

The Washington State Board of Regents on Friday approved creation of a new school that will focus on research and treatment of diseases passed from animals to humans.

Just how the new School for Global Animal Health will be paid for is not known, but the university is expected to announce Monday a record $25 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for the school, The Spokesman-Review reported Friday.

WSU President Elson Floyd told the regents Friday at their meeting in Richland that the school will be administered by the College of Veterinary Medicine. WSU hopes to house the school in an $83.5 million building. Its request for money was not included in the state’s latest budget.

About 70 percent of the diseases that affect humans have their origins in animals, Floyd said. Those “zoonotic” diseases, such as rabies and tuberculosis, are caused by infectious agents that can be transmitted between, or shared by, animals and humans.

Floyd said the school will bring together scientists who are experts in human and animal disease. The school will coordinate the university’s efforts in infectious disease research and diagnostics, with a particular focus on the intersection of human and animal disease, he said.

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South Africa: Neglect of animals threatening human lives

March 5, 2008

Domestic and farm animals in poverty-stricken rural areas often need veterinary care more desperately than animals in townships.

Allan Perrins, chief executive officer of the Cape of Good Hope SPCA, says the rural neglect of animals is a countrywide problem and the Karoo is the Western Cape’s “hotspot”.

Vast distances between clinics and homes and lack of transport, education and money all contribute to the problem.

There was an epidemic of mange, a condition that could be transferred to humans as scabies, Perrins said. This was especially dangerous for children, the elderly, and those living with tuberculosis or HIV.

Recently a vet visiting Ladismith in the Karoo had to put down, over a few hours, 60 animals infected with mange.

Fleas, ringworm, worms and other afflictions can also be contracted by humans.

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For more animal-esque music, news, and issues, tune in to Kitty Mowmow’s Animal Expo online at www.thecapstone.ua.edu, Sunday nights 8-10 central.